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Chemotherapy Treatment In Delhi, India

Cancer is a severe condition in which body cells begin to proliferate uncontrollably, resulting in the creation of malignant tumours.

Chemotherapy is advised in majority of cancer cases, either to support the effects of surgery and radiotherapy or as a treatment in advanced cases.

What is Chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy is used to treat and control malignant cells. The name ‘chemo' refers to chemicals, while the word therapy implies ‘treatment.' Chemotherapy uses powerful medicines that are specially designed to attack malignant tumours.

When is chemotherapy recommended?

It is critical to treat cancer in its early stages since it can progress to life-threatening complications. Chemotherapy is frequently combined with other treatments, including radiation and surgery, among others.

  • Chemotherapy treatment is determined by the kind and severity of cancer.
  • Because chemotherapy involves the use of several powerful medicines, the patient's entire health is taken into account before beginning this therapy.
  • The existing location of the cancer cells as well as their point of origin are important factors in determining the treatment strategy.
  • It is also dependent on your medical history.
  • The treatment strategy is also determined by whether or not the patient has already had cancer treatment.

What are the Types of Chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy treatment can be categorized based on the drugs used during the treatment and the mode of administration of the drugs. Both categories of this treatment are discussed in the following sections.

Types of Chemotherapy Based on the Type of Drugs

There are over a hundred different drugs used in chemotherapy. They are grouped based on their source, mode of action, and strengths. The types of chemotherapy based on the drugs used include:

  • Alkylating Agents: These drugs damage the DNA of the cancer cells and prevent their replication. They are best suited against slow-growing tumors like cancers of the lung, breasts, and ovaries.
  • Mitotic Inhibitors: Mitosis is the process of cell division which involves the action of several proteins at various steps. Mitotic inhibitors inhibit protein action and prevent mitosis, meaning the multiplication, of cancer cells. They work best against leukemia, lymphoma, and lung and breast cancers.
  • Topoisomerase Inhibitors: These drugs prevent cell division by interacting with topoisomerases, proteins that play an important role in DNA replication. They are mostly used against leukemia, pancreatic, lung, and ovarian cancers.
  • Antimetabolites: These drugs alter the enzyme function in the cancer cells and are best active against leukemia and cancers of the breasts, ovaries, and the gastrointestinal tract.
  • Anti-tumor Antibiotics: These are antibiotic compounds produced by microorganisms that attack the tumor cells by uncoiling their DNA. These drugs treat lung, ovarian, prostate, and colorectal cancers.
  • DNA Repair Enzyme Inhibitor: These drugs inhibit the action of the enzymes that repair damage in the DNA of the cancer cells. 

Types of Chemotherapy Based on the Mode of Administration

Chemotherapy treatment can be administered in any of the following ways:

  • Intravenous: The drugs are injected into your veins.
  • Intra-arterial: The drugs are injected into the artery that delivers blood to the affected organ.
  • Oral: Drugs can be administered by oral tablets or capsules.
  • Intramuscular injections: The doctor can inject the drugs into the muscles in your hips, thighs, or other areas.
  • Topical: Sometimes, chemotherapy drugs can be applied to the skin where they get absorbed into the body. 

How is chemotherapy done?

Chemotherapy is administered in a systemic manner. A systemic approach refers to allowing the medicine to circulate in the bloodstream, permitting it to reach and eliminate all cancer cells wherever they may be found in the body.

  • It is administered in several ways, including oral medication, in which patients are given as tablets or capsule to take orally.
  • Subcutaneous injections are used to deliver the medicine directly into the skin.
  • Medications are also administered intravenously. The drug is injected directly into the vein by putting a needle into the arm during this procedure.

What are the Risks Involved with Chemotherapy?

Chemotherapy makes use of strong drugs that have potential long-term risks. Some of the major ones associated with chemotherapy drugs include:

  • Memory and cognitive problems
  • Heart problems
  • Lung tissue damage
  • Infertility
  • Nerve damage
  • Kidney problems
  • Risk of a second cancer

What are the Chemotherapy Side Effects?

While chemotherapy is a frontline treatment against cancer, it accompanies some serious side effects. Some of the most common chemotherapy side effects are listed below:

  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Hair loss
  • Diarrhea
  • Constipation
  • Mouth sores
  • Loss of appetite
  • Fever
  • Pain
  • Easy bruising
  • Bleeding
  • Fatigue

How to Prepare for a Chemotherapy Treatment?

Chemotherapy treatment is effective yet physically demanding. And the best way to go through this procedure is by being well-prepared. Here’s how you can prepare for your chemotherapy:

  • Learn as much as you can about chemotherapy; you’re more comfortable with the things you know about.
  • Talk to your doctor about the treatment schedule, the necessary precautions, and the potential immediate and long-term side effects of the treatment.
  • Eat healthy to supply the necessary energy to your body.
  • Consult with your oncologist about any concerns or doubts you may have about the procedure.
  • Prepare a carry-on bag for the treatment session with all the necessities, based on how long you’ll have to stay.
  • Follow your doctor’s instructions throughout the treatment.

How Often Do You Need Chemotherapy?

The frequency of this treatment depends on the types of chemotherapy drugs used and the type and severity of your condition. 

Usually, the treatment spans over 3 to 6 months with 4 to 8 cycles. Each cycle involves a few consecutive days and is scheduled around 2 to 6 weeks apart.

You can get more personalized information on the potential schedule of your treatment from your cancer care team.

Is chemotherapy used alone?

Chemotherapy is a very successful cancer treatment that can be used as the sole form of treatment or in combination with other treatments such as surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, targeted therapy or immunotherapy.

In certain situations, chemotherapy is recommended before surgery to help minimise or reduce the size of the cancer cells, making it easier for the oncologist to remove the tumour surgically.

In other situations, the malignant mass is removed first, and then chemotherapy is administered to destroy any residual cancerous cells.

The severity of your malignant tumour and the stage of cancer have a significant influence on the frequency of chemotherapy.

How is chemotherapy beneficial?

Chemotherapy is extremely beneficial and has been shown to:

  • Decrease cancer symptoms; 
  • Shrink and minimise the tumour, made up of cancerous cells;
  • Reduce the chance of the tumours being malignant, which means it prevents cancer from spreading.
  • Reduce the overall cancerous cell count in the body.

The cost of chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is generally affordable, although the cost of chemotherapy is affected by a variety of factors.

The cost varies depending on the type of cancer, its severity and the drugs used.

Cancer is a devastating disease to deal with, and undergoing chemotherapy may be especially difficult on a physical, financial, and mental level. It is critical to select an oncology clinic and an oncologist with extensive expertise.

Dr Saphalta Baghmar is a well-known figure in the field of medical oncology and offers the finest cancer treatment.

Why Choose Dr. Saphalta Baghmar for Chemotherapy Treatment in Delhi?

Dr. Saphalta Baghmar is a leading oncologist with over a decade of experience. She has extensive experience in providing treatment for all types of cancer. Dr. Saphalta Baghmar stays abreast of all the medical advancements in the field of cancer treatment and strives to offer the best available and the most effective treatment to her patients.

Owing to her vast experience, Dr. Saphalta Baghmar takes her time with every case and prepares a personalized treatment plan for every patient. Her empathy, dedication, and unending consideration for her patients’ health and comfort make her the best oncologist in Delhi.

The Outlook for Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is a traditional method of cancer treatment that is highly effective to date. It uses strong drugs that target various aspects of cancer cells. However, these medications also cause collateral harm to the healthy cells in the body which leads to many side effects and long-term risks.

Even with the potential downsides, the importance of chemotherapy treatment in the fight against cancer cannot be neglected. The best way to deal with the cons of this procedure is to learn all you can about it. Talk to your oncologist about the potential short-term and long-term side effects of chemotherapy drugs and the best ways to deal with them. Be informed and prepared, and keep your loved ones close.

FAQ'S

Chemotherapy can be a part of cancer treatment at any stage, from stage IA/IB to stage IV. Your oncologist could consider it as the primary treatment method or a part of your extensive cancer care plan. It is usually a supportive treatment during the initial stages, where surgical tumor removal is possible. Chemotherapy is performed before the surgery to shrink the tumor or after the surgery to kill any remaining cancerous cells in the area. During the later stages, chemotherapy usually forms a part of the primary treatment plan.

A course of chemotherapy can last anywhere between 3 to 6 months, based on numerous factors. Each course consists of about 2 to 6 cycles of duration ranging from a few days to weeks. The drugs used for the treatment, the stage and type of cancer, and the mode of administration of the drugs are the major determining factors here.

Chemotherapy is a cancer treatment method that uses special strong drugs to kill cancerous cells. These cells have the property of dividing more rapidly than the healthy cells in the human body. The chemotherapy drugs identify this property and target the rapidly growing cells, thus eliminating the cancerous tumor. However, this also causes damage to the healthy cells in the body that divide faster than other healthy cells.

Chemotherapy is used in the treatment of several types of cancer. Some of the most common cancers including breast and lung cancer frequently use chemotherapy as a part of the primary treatment plan. Multiple myeloma, lymphoma, leukemia, sarcomas, Hodgkin’s disease, ovarian cancer, and other forms of the disease can also be treated with chemotherapy. The extent of effectiveness of this treatment varies among different patients. Therefore it is up to your oncologist to device the best cancer care plan for you and decide whether or not to keep chemotherapy as a frontline treatment for your condition.




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